Romanian Achievements and Records: Part 15

96.  Between 1890 and 1895, Romanian engineer Anghel Saligny designed the King Carol I Bridge, a complex of railroad truss bridges in Romania, across the Danube River, connecting the cities of Cernavodă and Feteşti. 

At the time of its construction, the King Carol I Bridge was the longest bridge in Europe. It has a total length of 4,088 meters of which 1662 m over the Danube and 920 m over Borcea and it stands at 30 meters above water, allowing tall ships to pass beneath it. (sources 123)

King Carol I Bridge

King Carol I Bridge

97. The King Carol I Bridge was the third longest bridge in the world. Iconic for the 20th century European engineering, the bridge was designed to look like a momentum diagram. (sources 1, 2, 3)

King Carol I Bridge, the world’s 3rd longest bridge

The famous bridge in 1895

Nowadays, the same bridge, renamed ‘Anghel Saligny’

98. In 1888, George Enescu became the youngest student in the history of the Vienna Conservatory, at the age of 7 years and 2 months.

George Enescu as a child.
Just look at his eyes!

sources:

  • ICR Vienna – here
  • Historia Magazine Special – Romanian: George Enescu, fața nevăzută a unui geniu (English: George Enescu, the unseen face of a genius

Historia Magazine 2013 Special – The Cover

Established in 1817, the Vienna Conservatory became in 1909 the Imperial Academy of Music and the Performing Arts and is now part of the University of Music and Performing Arts in Vienna.

So in almost a century (1817-1909), George Enescu was the youngest pupil to ever be admitted to this prestigious institution.

A plate reminiscent of George Enescu in Vienna

Six years after the great Austrian musician Fritz Kreisler became the youngest person ever to study at the Vienna Conservatory, also at the age of 7, George Enescu broke his record. Born in February 1875, by the fall of 1882 (the period of his admission), Kreisler was 7 years and 7/8 months old (depending whether the academic year began in September or October), while Enescu, who was born in August 1881, was 6/7 months younger when he was admitted, on October 5, 1888.

George Enescu in his youth

99. “The Thinker of Hamangia” is the oldest prehistoric sculpture that reflects human introspection in the world. (sources 12)

When we mention “The Thinker,” many of us will probably think of the marvel of Rodin. It was casted just 100 years ago, in 1904, so this might be the main reason why we first think of it. But what if we knew these “thinker” statues have a history of over 7,000 years?

The most famous prehistoric statue that carries this name comes from the Hamangia culture. This culture is a Late Neolithic archaeological culture of Dobruja, a Romanian area between Danube and Black Sea. It began around 5250–5200 BC and lasted until around 4550–4500 BC.

The Thinker of Hamangia is basically a complex of two states. The thinker “and his wife,” The thinker is a man sitting on a stool, that stool is a faithful replica of Neolithic stone chairs. The thinker is accompanied by an equally stylized female version. It is assumed that the two statues form a pair. These two statues strongly reflects the level of civilization of the ascendants of the Romanians, the brave Dacians.

The Thinker of Hamangia

100.  “The Thinker of Hamangia” is one of the most famous works of Ancient Art in the world. (sources 1, 2, 3)

A masterpiece of late Stone Age art, this terracotta sculpture, known as The Thinker (Romanian: “Gânditorul”), was unearthed in 1956 during archeological excavations of Neolithic settlement and burial debris in the lower Danube region, near Cernavodă in Romania. It was created during the world-famous Hamangia culture.

‘The Thinker’ of Hamangia: A Modern Statue of the Neolithic

Copies of the Hamangia statues

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